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    4 Different Types of Disabilities You Should Know About

    By sbanderas | April 5 2021
    Categories: Blog

    Every human has his or her shortcomings, but it is ten times harder for people living with one form of disability or the other. 

    The CDC described disability as a condition of the mind or body that makes it more difficult for a person going through that phase to perform certain activities or interact with the world or people around them.

    People living with disabilities are a significant percentage of the world population. Disability has multiple dimensions such as impairment, activity limitation, and restriction of participation. People living with various forms of disability may not have been born with it, but become so as a result of accident, negligence, or medical malpractice. 

    There are varieties of disabilities, but some remain uncategorized because of the severity of the condition, however, the most common types of disability include physical, visual, hearing, and mental disability. 

    Physical Disability 

    Disabilities that affect people’s physiological, functional performance, and mobility are known as Physical disabilities. We categorize these disabilities as mild, fluctuating, chronic, progressive or stable, visible or invisible. 

    Physical disabilities include chronic arthritis, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, spinal cord injury, stroke, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and other conditions that can make anyone bedridden and unable to perform basic mobility functions. 

    Spinal cord injury is a perfect example of a disability that is usually caused by an accident. This is something that the folks at discussed in the motor vehicle accidents section on the legal process of seeking redress and compensation. An accident is one of the most common causes of disabilities.

    Visual Disability

    According to a website on managing disabilities, ‘legally blind’ is used to describe an individual who has ten percent or less of normal vision while we describe the remaining ninety percent as having a ‘visual Impairment.’

    The terms used to describe visual disability depend on the impediment that caused the loss of vision such as cataracts, diabetes, glaucoma, macular degeneration, retinal detachment, retinitis pigmentosa. 

    People who have visual disabilities usually cannot perform basic functions and would require help, although most have had to learn how to use counting, sensory nerves, and alternative options to manage the condition. 

    Accidents can also cause vision loss, or as side effects of applying eye drop to the eyes, moisturizing the face with harmful products, or being placed on prescription drugs. 

    Cases of visual impairment have led to litigation and filing lawsuits against pharmaceutical corporations, manufacturers of beauty products, while individuals that caused the accident which led to this permanent disability have become felons in state or federal penitentiary. 

    Hearing Disability

    Hearing impairments can range from mild, severe to profound. Usually, hearing disability is caused by noise exposure, head trauma from an accident, virus or disease, genetics, ototoxicity, and aging. 

    This disability can take the form of sensorineural, conductive, or mixed hearing loss, people with any of these conditions use a range of strategies and equipment including speech interpreters, sign language, lip-reading, writing notes, or hearing aids.

    Mental Health Disability

    Mental health disabilities affect the mind or brain and are treatable or manageable, to an extent that the person with the condition leads a normal life. 

    Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, mood disorder (depression and manic depression), anxiety disorder, eating disorder, personality disorder and organic brain disorder affects how individuals with mental health disability think, act or feel. 

    More often, people with other forms of disabilities— physical, visual, and hearing— end up with some mental health condition brought on by the stress of being discriminated against in society or managing the pains or severity of a physical, visual, or hearing disability. 

    The list of disabilities is inexhaustible as other categories focus on intellectual conditions as a result of a person’s ability to learn because of an impairment in the brain either before, during, or after birth. 

    Learning disability is also another form that focuses on the effect of a person’s central nervous system on their learning process.

    Disabilities have become a huge part of the justice system to protect people diagnosed with a particular condition that puts them at risk of being discriminated against. Beyond that, disabilities have also become a huge part of the legal process as there are lawyers that specialize in litigation of medical malpractices that have caused disability conditions and defending accident victims who have to live with a physical, visual, and hearing impairment for the rest of their lives, or navigate surviving on disability checks. 

    Let us not forget that discrimination against people with disabilities at every level of society has made it quite hard for those living with these conditions to lead a life with a semblance of normality.